General Knowledge about UNO

General Knowledge about UNO,United Nations

Headquarters, New York City

Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Membership 192 member states

Leaders

The Secretary-General is António Guterres, appointed by the General Assembly on 13 October 2016 belongs to Portugal

Establishment

United Nations Charter signed 26 June 1945

Entry into force of Charter 24 October 1945 Organization

Main article: United Nations System

The United Nations system is based on five principal organs

(formerly six – the Trusteeship Council suspended operations

in 1994);[6] the General Assembly, the Security Council,

the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat,

and the International Court of Justice.

Read Also: General Knowledge about NATO

Four of the five principal organs are located at the main

United Nations headquarters located on international territory

in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located

in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the

UN offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other UN institutions

Name——— Secertary General—–From—To

 

1 Trygve Lie  Norway 2 February 1946 10 November 1952

Resigned; First Secretary-General from Scandinavia

2 Dag Hammarskjöld  Sweden 10 April 1953 18 September 1961 Died while in office

3 U Thant  Burma 30 November 1961 1 January 1972 First Secretary-General from Asia

4 Kurt Waldheim  Austria 1 January 1972 1 January 1982

5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru 1 January 1982 1 January

1992 First Secretary-General from South America

6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  Egypt 1 January 1992 1 January

1997 First Secretary-General from Africa

7 Kofi Annan  Ghana 1 January 1997 1 January 2007

8 Ban Ki-moon  South Korea 1 January 2007 31 December 2016

9  António Guterres, Portugal  1 January 2017 Incumbent

UNO Agencies

Agency Estd. In Headquarters
International Labour Organization (ILO)1919Geneva
World Health Organization (WHO)1948Geneva
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)1946Paris
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)1957Vienna
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)1946New York
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)1950Geneva
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)1967New York
International Fund for Agricultural Development1977Rome
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)1964Geneva
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)1947Montreal
International Monetary Fund (IMF)1945Washington D.C.
International Finance Corporation (IFC)1956Washington D.C.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)1947Berne
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)1972Nairobi
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)1967Geneva
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)1945Rome
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)1945Washington D.C.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)1950Geneva
World Trade Organization (WTO)1995Geneva
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)New York
Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO)1958London
International Development Association (IDA)1960Washington D.C.
International Tele-communication Union (ITU)1947Geneva
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)1965New York
United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)1949New York
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)1967New York
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