The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The NATO headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, and the organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.

Formation 4 April 1949

Type Military alliance

Headquarters Brussels, Belgium

Membership 28 states

Official languages English,French

Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen

NATO Members comprises 28 members: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States

List of Secretaries Generals      

#        Name Country      Duration       

1      General Lord Ismay United Kingdom    

4 April 1952 – 16 May 1957         

2        Paul-Henri Spaak   Belgium      

16 May 1957 – 21 April 1961       

3        Dirk Stikker Netherlands

21 April 1961 – 1 August 1964     

4        Manlio Brosio         Italy 

1 August 1964 – 1 October 1971           

5        Joseph Luns           Netherlands         

1 October 1971 – 25 June 1984   

6        Lord Carrington      United Kingdom   

25 June 1984 – 1 July 1988         

7        Manfred Wörner      Germany   

1 July 1988 – 13 August 1994      

–        Sergio Balanzino (acting)  Italy 

13 August 1994 – 17 October 1994        

8        Willy Claes   Belgium     

17 October 1994 – 20 October 1995      

–        Sergio Balanzino (acting)  Italy 

20 October 1995 – 5 December 1995     

9        Javier Solana     Spain         

5 December 1995 – 6 October 1999      

10    Lord Robertson  United Kingdom   

14 October 1999 – 17 December 2003   

–        Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo (acting)         Italy 

17 December 2003 – 1 January 2004     

11      Jaap de Hoop Scheffer     Netherlands         

1 January 2004 – 1 August 2009           

12.Anders Fogh Rasmussen Anders Fogh Rasmussen
1 August 2009 1 October 2014 Denmark

13. Jens Stoltenberg 1 October 2014 Incumbent Norway

 

General Knowledge about UNO

Headquarters, New York City

Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Membership 192 member states

Leaders

The Secretary-General is António Guterres, appointed by the General Assembly on 13 October 2016 belongs to Portugal

Establishment

United Nations Charter signed 26 June 1945

Entry into force of Charter 24 October 1945 Organization

Main article: United Nations System

The United Nations system is based on five principal organs

(formerly six – the Trusteeship Council suspended operations

in 1994);[6] the General Assembly, the Security Council,

the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat,

and the International Court of Justice.

 

Four of the five principal organs are located at the main

United Nations headquarters located on international territory

in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located

in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the

UN offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other UN institutions

Name——— Secertary General—–From—To

 

1 Trygve Lie  Norway 2 February 1946 10 November 1952

Resigned; First Secretary-General from Scandinavia

2 Dag Hammarskjöld  Sweden 10 April 1953 18 September 1961 Died while in office

3 U Thant  Burma 30 November 1961 1 January 1972 First Secretary-General from Asia

4 Kurt Waldheim  Austria 1 January 1972 1 January 1982

5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru 1 January 1982 1 January

1992 First Secretary-General from South America

6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  Egypt 1 January 1992 1 January

1997 First Secretary-General from Africa

7 Kofi Annan  Ghana 1 January 1997 1 January 2007

8 Ban Ki-moon  South Korea 1 January 2007 31 December 2016

9  António Guterres, Portugal  1 January 2017 Incumbent

UNO Agencies

Agency Estd. In Headquarters
International Labour Organization (ILO) 1919 Geneva
World Health Organization (WHO) 1948 Geneva
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 1946 Paris
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 1957 Vienna
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) 1946 New York
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 1950 Geneva
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) 1967 New York
International Fund for Agricultural Development 1977 Rome
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) 1964 Geneva
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) 1947 Montreal
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 1945 Washington D.C.
International Finance Corporation (IFC) 1956 Washington D.C.
Universal Postal Union (UPU) 1947 Berne
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) 1972 Nairobi
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 1967 Geneva
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) 1945 Rome
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) 1945 Washington D.C.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 1950 Geneva
World Trade Organization (WTO) 1995 Geneva
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) New York
Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) 1958 London
International Development Association (IDA) 1960 Washington D.C.
International Tele-communication Union (ITU) 1947 Geneva
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) 1965 New York
United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) 1949 New York
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) 1967 New York

General Knowledge about OIC

The Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

Eatablished. September 25, 1969.

Headquarters Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Official languages Arabic, English, French

Membership 57 member states

Leaders

Secretary-General Ekmeleddin Ehsanaglu

The Secretary General of the OIC

Tunku Abdul Rahman (Malaysia): (1971–1973)

Hassan Al-Touhami (Egypt): (1974–1975)

Dr. Amadou Karim Gaye (Senegal): (1975–1979)

Habib Chatty (Tunisia): (1979–1984)

Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada (Pakistan): (1985–1988)

Dr. Hamid Algabid (Niger): (1989–1996)

Dr. Azeddine Laraki (Morocco): (1997–2000)

Dr. Abdelouahed Belkeziz (Morocco): (2001–2004)

Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu Turkey 2004 2014

Iyad bin Amin Madani Saudi Arabia 2014 2016

Yousef Al-Othaimeen Saudi Arabia 2016 Incumbent

Past Islamic Summit Conferences

1st September 22–25, 1969  Morocco Rabat

2nd February 22–24, 1974  Pakistan Lahore

3rd January 25–29, 1981  Saudi Arabia Makkah Al Mukarramah and Taif

4th January 16–19, 1984  Morocco Casablanca

5th January 26–29, 1987  Kuwait Kuwait City

6th December 9–11, 1991  Senegal Dakar

7th December 13–15, 1994  Morocco Casablanca

1st Extraordinary March 23, 1997  Pakistan Islamabad

8th December 9–11, 1997  Iran Tehran

9th November 12–13, 2000  Qatar Doha

2nd Extraordinary March 5, 2003  Qatar Doha

10th October 16–17, 2003  Malaysia Putrajaya

3rd Extraordinary December 7–8, 2005  Saudi Arabia Makkah Al Mukarramah

11th March 13–14, 2008  Senegal Dakar

12th 2011  Egypt Cairo

13th 14–15 April 2016 Turkey Istanbul