The scientific method in which biological problems are solved, is termed as biological method
A biological problem is a question related to living organisms that is either asked by some one or comes in biologist’s mind by himself.
Observations are made with five senses of vision, hearing, smell, taste and touch. Observations may be both qualitative and quantitative
Biologist organizes his/her and others’ observations into data form and constructs a statement that may prove to be the answer of the biological problem under study. This tentative explanation of observations is called a hypothesis
Deductions are the logical consequences of hypotheses.
Biologist performs experiments to see if hypotheses are true or not.
Biologist gathers actual, quantitative data from experiments. Data for each of the groups are then averaged and compared statistically. To draw conclusions, biologist also uses statistical analysis
Biologists publish their findings in scientific journals and books, in talks at national and international meetings and in seminars at colleges and universities. Publishing of results is an essential part of scientific method. It allows other people to verify the results or apply the knowledge to solve other problems.