History: Various Concepts of perceiving History.
Modern: Connotation of the terminology.
World: How the idea of world is perceived. Implications of world history.
1. TOWARDS GLOBALIZATION
Old Regimes and Archaic Globalization: Peasants and Lords, Dynamics of New Politics, Archaic and Early Modern Globalization.
2. TRANSFORMATION FROM OLD REGIMES TO MODERNITY
The Last Great Domestication and Industrious Revolutions, New Patterns of Afro-Asian Material Culture, Production and Trade, Trade Finance and Innovation: European Competitive advantages, the development of Asian and African Publics.
3. CONVERGING REVOLUTIONS
Anatomy of the World Crisis (1720-1820), Sapping the legitimacy of the State: From France to China Ideological origin of the modern left and the modern state, Nationalities VS States and Empires. The Third Revolution: Polite and Commercial Peoples Worldwide.
4. MODERN WORLD IN GENESIS
World revolutions (1815-1865), Emigration, New World Order: 1815-1865, Wars of Legitimacy in Asia, Economic and Ideological Roots of Asian Revolutions, Hunger and Rebellion in Europe (1848-1851), American Civil War as a Global Event.
5. INDUSTRIALIZAION AND THE NEW CITY HISTORIANS
Industrialization, and Cities The Progress of Industrialization Poverty and the Absence of Industry, Cites as Centers of Production, Consumption, and Politics The Urban Impact of the Global Crisis, 1780-1820. Race and Class in the New Cities,
Working-Class Politics, Worldwide Urban Cultures and their Critics.
6. NATION, EMPIRE, AND ETHNICITY, C. 1860-1900
Theories of Nationalism, When was Nationalism Born? Perpetuating Nationalisms: Memories, National Associations, and Print, From Community to Nation: The Eurasian Empires Where we Stand with Nationalism, Peoples without States: Persecution or Assimilation? Imperialism and its History: The Late Nineteenth Century Dimensions of the “New Imperialism”. A World of Nation-States? The Persistence of Archaic Globalization From Globalization to Internationalism in Practice.
7. MYTHS AND TECHNOLOGIES OF THE MODERN STATE DIMENSIONS OF THE MODERN STATE
The State and the Historians, Problems of Defining the State, The Modern State Takes Root: Geographical Dimensions Claims to Justice and Symbols of Power, The State’s Resources, The State’s Obligations to Society Tools of the State, State, Economy, and Nation.
8. THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LIBERALISM, RATIONALISM, SOCIALISM, AND SCIENCE
Contextualizing Intellectual History, The Corruption of the Righteous Republic: A Classic Theme. Righteous Republics Worldwide, The Advent of Liberalism and the Market: Western Exceptionalism? Liberalism and Land Reform: Radical Theory and Conservative Practice, Free Trade or National Political Economy? Representing the Peoples Secularism and Positivism: Transnational Affinites The Reception of Socialism and its Local Resonances. Science in Global Context. Professionalization at World
9. SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENTS
Revolutionary Ideas, Philosophical and social trends.
10. Clash of Civilizations
HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA
From Pre-historic to 18th Century AD
Total Marks: 100
1. Approaches to Ancient & Medieval India
2. Indus Valley Civilization
3 The Vedas & The Vedic Age
4. Foreign Invasions and Dynasties: The Aryans, Conquests of Alexander, The Mauryans, 321-185 BC, The Age of the Guptas and After, Indo-European interaction
6. Ashoka, Kanishka and the Gandhara Art
7. Emergence and Development of Caste System
8. Economy (Trade, Commerce, Industry)
9. LAW AND ADMINISTRATION: Code of law, values and tradition. Sharia, Akhlaq as law system of governance.
10. Sources of the Mughal Rule in India
11. BHAKTI MOVEMENT: Salient features of Bhakti movement, main proponents/saints, Bhatkti literature and revolt against religious orthodoxy and central government/power.
12. DEVELOPMENT OF ARTS AND SCIENCES IN THE SUBCONTINENT: Sanskrit, Persian, Urdu, and Prakrit (local languages) literature with particular reference to humanist, political, regional and religious aspects. Relationship of power and language in medieval India.
13. Development of the Fine Arts under the Mughals.
(From 18-21 Centuries)
1. Concepts of Colonialism & Imperialism
2. Extracting land Revenue, Empire and Colonial Economy.
3. 1857 War of Independence or Mutiny, Social and Religious Reforms.
4. British Social life in India, Changing British attitudes to Indian religion and society, Architecture of the Raj. Dynamics of Anglo-Indian Society.
5. Sir Syed’s efforts for re-interpreting religion and modernizing the Muslim Society and resistance of Ulema. Use of modem technologies by various religious revivalist/orthodox movements (e.g., Deobandi Movement) and displacement of Sufi tradition.
6. Colonial project of assigning identities and Emergence of Nationalism in India: Dividing India in religious, communal/sectarian, regional, gender and racial/tribal lines.
7. Legacies of British Raj. Military and Bureaucracy, Political and Constitutional Development (1947-2006), Dynamics of Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism in Pakistan with reference to M Ayub Khan, M Yahya, Ziaul Haq, and Pervaiz Musharrafs regimes.
8. Nature of democracy in Pakistan: Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Liaquat Ali Khan, ZA Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto, Nawaz Sharif, Shaukat Aziz.
9. Religion and Polity contraction in the Society/State building in Pakistan.
10. Problems of federal politics, Ethnic and sub-national ideologies, use of language as culture and ideology.