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Pakistan Studies Notes for CSS

• Divide & Quit written by Penderel Moon.
• Foreign Policy of Pakistan: A Historical Analysis is written by S. M. Burk.
• Name the person who negotiated the Canal Water Dispute between India and Pakistan: Ayyub Khan.
• Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim under the reign of the Islamic Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik.
• Hazrat Ali Hajveri (popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh) belonged to Suharwardia Order.
• Fatawa-e-Jahandari was written by Zia-ud-Din Barani.
• Under the Mughals capital of the lower Sindh was Thatha.
• Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in October 1586.
• In a battle near Peshawar, Jaipal was defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1001.
• The Battle of Plassey firmly established the British Rule in Bengal.
• When presidential form of constitution was imposed 1st March 1962.
• The Qutb-ul-Islam mosque was built by Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban.
• Who contributed largely to the spread of Islam in Bengal Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi.
• Syed Ahmad Shaheed fell martyr in 1831 at Balakot (NWFP).
• The Scientific Society was founded in 1864 at Ghazipur.
• In 1946 Elections, the All India Muslim League got 100 percent seats in the Central Assembly and over 88.8 percent seats in the Provincial Assemblies.
• The Second Summit Conference of the OIC was held in 1974 at Lahore.
• The “Asrar-us-Sanadeed” was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
• The Central Muhammadan Association was founded by Syed Amir Ali.
• The Muhammadan Literary Society of Calcutta was founded by Syed Amir Ali.
• Mr. Jinnah returned from England in year October 1935 to reorganize the AIML.
• The Indus Water Basin Treaty was signed in the year 19th September 1960.
• The Alai Darwaza is situated at Delhi.
• Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of Chishtia Silsila.
• Arhai Din Ka Jhonpara was a mosque.
• Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam was established in the year1884.
• Islamabad was made capital of Pakistan in the year 1959.
• Muhammad bin Qasim was called back by Walid bin Abdul Malik.
• Pirthvi Raj was defeated by Muhammad Ghouri in 1192 A.D. at the battle of Tarain.
• Khilji Dynasty was founded by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khilji.
• The R.C.D. was brought about in 1964 among Pakistan, Iran, Turkey.
• The first and second Presidents of the First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan were M. A. Jinnah and Ch. Muhammad Ali respectively..
• PARODA and EDBO were promulgated in 1949 and in 1958 respectively.
• The All Indian Muhammadan Educational Conference was founded in 1886.
• Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq was started in 1867.
• The Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858.
• The author of “Mission with Mountbattan”: Compbell Johnson.
• The Federal Shariat Court was established in 25th June 1980.
• Khusrau Malik was the Governor of Lahore.
• Sindh was conquered by Muhammad Ghauri in 1182.
• Hamayun was born at Kabul.
• Peacock throne was erected by Shahjehan.
• Pirpur Committee was formed in 1937 and was headed by Raja Muhammad Mehdi of Pirpur.
• Bahadur Shah II was the Supreme Commander of the rebellious armies in the War of Independence, 1857.
• Hyderabad Deccan surrendered to India on 17 September 1948.
• Peshawar was captured by Syed Ahmad Shaheed in 1830.
• Government of Indian Act, 1935 came into operation in 1937.
• Muhammad bin Qasim captured the city Daibul in 712 A.D.
• The Temple of Somnath was situated near the peninsula of Gujrat.
• Arabic coinage was first introduced in Indian by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz.
• Khilji Dynasty was established by Ala-ud-Din Khilji.
• Babur the founder of Muhgal Dynasty, died in 1530 A.D at Delhi.
• The biggest Mosque built by Shahjehan in located at Delhi.
• Red Fort of Delhi was built by Shahjehan.
• Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was the first president of Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam.
• My life……..A Fragment was written by Muhammad Ali Jauhar.
• Yayha Khan became the Chief Martial Law Administrator on 25 March 1969.
• The institution of the Federal Ombudsman was created in 13 January 1983.
• The Lovely Moti Masjid is located at Agra.
• Mahmud Ghaznavi is described as “the first pioneer and path-finder for Islam in this country” by Lane Poole.
• Buland Darwaza commemorates Akbar’s conquest of Gujrat.
• Behzad was a famous Persian painter.
• The real names of Nawab Mohsin-ud-Mulk and Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk are Mehdi Ali Khan and Mushtaq Hussain respectively.
• The “Zamindar” and “Comrade” newspapers were edited by Maulana Zafar Ali Khan and Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar respectively.
• Liaquat Ali Khan was martyred by Said Muhammad.
Punjab was given the status of a province on 1st April 1970
• The Kaunpur Mosque incident took place on 3 August 1913.
• Police firing on Khaksars in Lahore took place on 19 March 1940.
• Lal Bahadur Shahstri was the Prime Minister of India at the time of Tashkent Declaration.
Muhammad bin Qasim appointed Alafi as his advisor.
• Old name of Pakpatan was Ajudhan.
• The tomb of Babur is situated at Kabul.
• Akbar was born at Umar Kot.
• The author of “Safinat-ul-Auliya” was Dara Shikoh.
• Mumtaz Mahal gave birth to 14 children.
• Maulana Azad’s real name was Abu-al-Kalam.
• Hamdard was published by Ali Jauhar.
• Lord Linlithgow was the viceroy of Indian during the 2nd World War.
• Defense Council was formed on 1st April 1948.
• Liaquat Ali Khan went to America in May 1950.
• The Simla Agreement was signed on 3rd July 1972.
• Myth of Independence was written by Z. A. Bhutto.
• Author of My Brother is Miss Fatima Jinnah.
• The First Constituent Assembly was dissolved on 24th October 1954.
• 8th Amendment in the Constitution of 1973 was made in 1985.
• The real name of Noor Jehan was Mahr-un-Nisa.
• Haren Minar was built by Jehangir.
• The tomb of Qutb-ud-Din Aibak is in Lahore.
• Sir Syed Ahmad Khan went to England along with his son named Syed Mahmud.
• Nawab Abdul Latif founded Muhammadan Literary Society in the year1863.
• The founder of “Islamia College Peshawar” was Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum.
• The author of the book “Two Nation Theory” is:
Shafiq Ali Khan.
• The author of the book “Political System of Pakistan” is Khalid bin Saeed.
• The Canal Water Dispute was solved through the good offices of World Bank.
• The site for Islamabad was selected in 1960.
• Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto inaugurated the new Education Policy in 1974.
• Bombay came to British possession through Dowry.
• The High Courts in Indian were established under the Act of 1861.
• Bee Amma’s real name was Abida Bano.
• Quaid-e-Azam visited NWFP in his life time:
• Bande Mathram was composed in Bengal.
• Who was the president of Muslim League in 1932 Aziz Ahmad.
• Chaudry Rehmat Ali was a student at Cambridge’s college called Trinity.
• Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915.
• NWFP got the status of the Governor’s province in 1937.
• Sir Syed Ahmad Khan retired from service in:
• The Fraizi Movement was founded by:
Hajji Shariat Ullah.
• The first Central Office of Muslim League was established in Lucknow.
• All India Muslim Students Federation was founded at Aligarh.
• Quaid-e-Azam reached Pakistan on 7th August, 1947.
• Nizam-e-Islam Party was founded by Chaudry Muhammad Ali.
• The famous book “ Hayat-e-Javed” was written on the life of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
• How many times Mahmud invaded India?
• Who is the author of the book titled “Last Days of Quaid”? Col: Elahi Bakhsh.
• The oldest regional language of Pakistan is Sindhi.
• Pakistan joined Non-Aligned Movement at Bandung in 1979.
• Under the Constitution of 1956 which language was declared as the National Language? Urdu and Bengali.
• Under which Constitution, “Bicameralism” was introduced in Pakistan.1973.
• When was the first SAARC Conference held?
Ans. 1985.
• Qutb-ud-Din Aibak died during the game of:
Ans. Polo.
• Cahngez Khan came to India during the reign of Iltumish.
• Razia Sultana Married with Altunia.
• Ibn-e-Batuta visited Indian in14th Century.
• The color of the marble of “Taj Mahal” is:
• Aurangzeb Alamgir had: Three sons.
• Tadar Mal was the revenue minister of:
Ans. Akbar
• Which of the European nations came first to South Asia? Portuguese.
• Lahore Resolution was presented by:
• Sikandar Mirza declared Martial Law on:
October 1958.
• Pakistan People’s Party was founded in:
• Akbar’s tomb is situated at:Sikandra.
• William Hawkins secured many trade facilities for the English by Emperor Jehangir.
• Hameeda Bano was mother of: Akbar.
• At the time of his coronation at Kalanour the age of Akbar was: Thirteen and Half.
• Waqar-ul-Mulk died in 1917.
• Who took the oath of Governor-General of Pakistan from Quaid-e-Azam? Justice Mian Abdul Rashid.
• When Pakistan gave an application to the United Nations to become its member which country opposed it? Afghanistan.
• Who was the author of ‘My India Years’:
Lord Hardinge
• Sanghata Movement was started by: Dr Moonje
• The book ‘verdict on India’ was written by :
Beverlay Nickolas
• Famous Wardha scheme was about :
• Raja Dahir’s wife name is Rani Bai
• Raja Dahir wife committed suicide
• Razia Sultana was the daughter of Iltumish.
• Ibn-e-Batuta was A Moorish
• Fateh Pur Sikri was declared the capital of his kingdom by Akbar.
• The Chain of Justice was hanged fro the convenience of people for quick justice by Jehangir.
• British India Company was granted permission of trade with India by Jehangir.
• The First British Governor General of India was Warren Hastings.
• Sir Syed Ahmad Khan retired from the British service as Judge.
• During Hijrat Movement the Muslims of India migrated to Afghanistan.
• All-India National Congress participated in the 2nd Round Table Conference.
• Sharif Report highlighted the atrocities of Congress Ministries.
• The President of the 1st Constituent Assembly at the time of its dissolution was Maulvi Tamiz-ud-Din
• Pakistan-China boundary Dispute was settled during the government of General Ayub Khan.
• During the Tashkent Agreement the Foreign Minister of Pakistan was Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

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