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Notes on Histroy of Pakistan

• Ranjit Singh sold Kashmir for 75 Lakhs.
• Poonch, a state of Kashmir, fought with Dogra by obtaining arms from tribal areas.
• 10 seats are reserved for non-muslims in National Assembly.
• Frank Meseri was the first C-in-C of Armed Forces.
• The religion of Tamil is Hinduism.
• There is only one female university in Pakistan.
• Kohat is the oldest cantonment of the country.
• Shalimar Garden was built in 1642 A.D.
• Faisalabad is commonly known as little Manchester.
• Harrappa is located at Sahiwal.
• The tomb of jehangir is located a Shahdara.
• Tomb of Noor Jehan is located at Lahore.
• Attock Fort was built byAkbar.
• Heer Ranjha was written by Waris Shah.
• Sohni Mahiwal was written by Hashim Shah.
• Sindh is called Bab-ul-Islam.
• Chack was the father of Raja Dahir.
• Keti Bunder is the name of a coastal area.
• French Beach is located at Karachi.
• Ranikot Fort is located near Hyderabad.
• Kotri barrage was built in 1955.
• Al Mawardi was born in Basra.
• Nizam-ul-Mulk tusi was famous for his wisdom.
• “USA is ruled by a power elite,” said C.Wright Mills.
• Hub dam supplies electricity to Sindh.
• The number of divisions in the province of Sindh is five.
• Total districts in the province of Sindh are 22.
• Naib Subedar is the lowest commissioned officer of Pakistan Army.
• River Kabul joins Indus river at Attock.
• Meerani Dam is under construction near Turbat.
• Chashma right bank canal on the Indus River provides water for Jhelum River.
• Jinnah station was established in continent Asia on January 25th, 1991.
• National institute of silicon technology was established in 1991.
• Rawalpindi, a region of Punjab, is free from the problem of water logging.
• Jhelum River joins Chenab River near Trimmu.
• River Ravi originates in the Indian state of Hamachel Pradesh.
• Chashma barrage was built in 1971 on river Indus.
• Warsak dam was built in 1960 on river Kabul.
• Rawal dam was built in 1965 on river Kurang.
• Pakistan’s oldest archaeological site is situated near Larkana.
• Ayoub Park covers an area of 2300 acres.
• Khewra is the main source of gypsum in Pakistan.
• Sainadak is famous for copper, silver and gold.
• Attock oil refinery is located in Rawalpindi.
• 43% of the gas is obtained from Sui.
• Peshawar means ‘city of flowers’.
• Lahore Fort was built in 1560.
• National singer, Noor Jehan, died on 23rd December, 2000.
• Taxila is located b/w Jehlum and Indus.
• Mahbub-ul-Haq Human Development Center is locates at Islamabad.
• Nasirabad region of Balochistan will be irrigated through Kachi cananl.
• The district of the country having lowest population density is: Kharan
• In violation of lndus Basin Treaty 1960, India has constructed Wullar barrage on River Jhelum.
• Water -flows of the river are diverted to Wuller Barrage through the construction of Kishanganga Dam.
• India is constructing Kishanganga Dam in Baramula.
• India has constructed “Baglihar Dam” in occupied Kashmir`s district of Doda.
• AKHORI DAM. Location. Across Nandnakas near Akhori village about 28 KM east of Attock Punjab.
• Wakhan is a narrow strip of land which separates Afghanistan from Pakistan.

• Hoysals was a Kingdom of South during Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s period.
• Raja Tarangini is a book on history of Kashmir written by Pandit Kachan.
• Koshak-e-Siri was the name of the Palace of Ala-ud-Din.
• Ustad Isa was the Chief Architect of Taj Mahal Agra.
• Mahabat Khan was a renowned General of Jahangir. He arrested Jahangir and Noor Jahan.
• Malik Kafur was a General of Ala-ud-Din Khilji. He conquered Deccan.
• Alai Darwaza was the structure constructed by Ala-ud-Din Khilji near Qutb Minar in 1311 A.D.
• Tehrik-e-Alfi was a history written by a team of historians during the reign of Akbar.
• Nasir-ud-Din Qubacha was a lieutenant of Muhammad Ghouri and served as Governor of Multan.
• Durgavati was the ruler of Gondwana and was defeated by Akbar in 1564 A.D.
• Maham Anaga was the foster mother of Akbar the Great.
• Gulbadan Begum was the sister of Mughal King Hamayun. She wrote “Hamayun Nama”.
• Infallibility Decree was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized him to act as the supreme arbitrator in civil and ecclesiastical affairs.
• Battle of Plassey (1757) was fought between:The Ruler of Bengal and East Indian Company.
• Lucknow Pact (1916) provided for the representation of Muslims in the Provincial Lagislative Councils in the proportion of One-Half of the elected members in Bengal to the Muslims.
• The August Offer (1940) was aimed at Offering greater share to Indians in Services.
• Nadir Shah, King of Persia, marched into Delhi in 1739.
• Diarchy was introduced in the government of Indian Act of 1919.
• Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakariya:
Ans. He was a great saint of Suharwardi branch of mysticism and flourished in Multan.
• Sidi Maula was a saint of Jalal-ud-Din Khilji’s period and was executed on charges of political treason.
• Juna Khan was the original name of Muhammad bin Taghluq.
• Ain-e-Akbari is the renowned work of Abul Fazl about the Government of Akbar the Great.
• Tarikh-e-Daudi A history of Lodi Dynasty written by Abdullah during the Mughal period.
• In order to inquire into the injustice done to the Muslims during congress ministries, the Muslim League appointed a committee under the chairmanship of Raja Muhammad Mehdi.
• Uch: A place near Bahawalpur district. It is the burial place of Makhdoom Jehanian.
• Tabaqat-e-Akbari was the name of history written by ‘Nizam-ud-Din’ in 1593. It contains detailed account of Ghaznavids to the 36th year of Akbar’s reign.
• Buland Darwaza was built by Akbar the Great at Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate his conquest of Gujrat.
• Fatawa-e-Jehandari was ‘Zia-ud-Din Barani’s’ book on state craft.
• Shams Siraf Afif: Author of ‘Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”.
• Fuwaid-ul-Faud was written by Zia-ud-Din Barani.
• Mirza Haider Dughlat:
Ans. He was a cousin of Babur and author of ‘Tarikh-e-Rashidi’.
• Nadir-ul-Asr Mansur: The title was conferred by Mughal Emperor Jahangir upon his Court Painter Mansoor.
• Muhammad Masum Nami: A Governor of Qandhar. He lies buried at Sukkur. He wrote “Tarikh-e-Sinkh”
• Muslim League was founded under the leadership of Nawab Saleemullah Khan.
• Allama Iqbal was elected as a member of Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1926 and chosen President of Muslim League in 1930.
• Iqbal’s early poems were composed mainly in
• Bang-e-Dara and published in the year 1924.
• Mr Mountbattan announced the Partition of India into two independent states on 3rd June 1947.
• The Cabinet Mission Scheme was placed before Quaid-e-Azam in April 1946.
• The Forty: This term refers to the forty slaves of Iltumish who played important role in contemporary politics.
• Panipat is a famous town near Delhi. Three important battles were fought on this ground.
• Moeen-ud-Din Ajmeri was a great saint of Chisti sect of Islamic Mysticism.
• Syed Brothers: Hussain Ali and Abdullah Khan who flourished in the early part of the 18th century are historically known as Syed Brothers. They were King Makers for few years.
• Rohtas Fort was built by Sher Shah near Jehlum.
• Firdausi wrote “Shahnama” and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni.
• Auqaf: Muslims Holy religious places are termed as Auqaf.
• Bahagar Kabir: Founder of Bakhti Movement. He flourished in 15th century.
• Kashful Mahjub is renowned work on mysticism by Ali Hajveri (Data Sahib).
• Abul Fazl: A leading light of Akbar’s reign. He wrote “Akbarnama” which is the most authentic history of Akbar’s period.
• Mudrasa Rahimia was established by Shah Abd-ur-Rahim at Delhi.
• Jainism is a religious movement started by Mahavirs.
• The year when the Quaid-e-Azam decided that the Muslim League would join the Interim Government in India was 1946.
• The name of a person who has been the Governor General as well as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Khuwaja Nazim-ud-din.
• Tahmasap: The King of Persia who helped Hamayun to recapture his throne.
• Qutb-ud-Din Aibak was a great commander of Muhammad Ghouri who laid foundation of Slave Dynasty.
• Ghazi Malik: was the original name of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq.
• Amir Khusrau: A great poet and singer. He was a disciple of Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Aulia. He flourished during the Sultanate Period.
• Dara Shikohwas son of Shah Jahan, he fought against Aurangzeb Alamgir. He was mystic and writer.
• Bairum Khan was tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hemu in 1556.
• Madrasa-e-Rahimia: A famous religious institution started by Shah Abdul Rahim (Father of Shah Waliullah).
• Noor Jahan was a beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of the state.
• The Objectives Resolution was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on 12 March 1949.
• Sikandar Mirza was the last Governor General of Pakistan.
• Zill-e-Elahi means: Shadow of Allah.
• Sabuktgin was the ruler of Ghazni. He ruled Ghazni from 977 to 997.
• Ibn-e-Batuta was a famous African traveler who stayed in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for several years. He traveled over the quarter part of the then world from China to India.
• Kanwaha is the historical place in North India where Babur defeated the Rajputs in 1527. At this historical place, Babur broke his wine vessels.
• Sarus Sadur: Guardian of Islamic Law and Spokesman of Ulema.
• Qutbat-ul-Islam Mosque was built by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at Delhi.
• Francis Bernier was a European traveler who visited Indian during Shahjehan’s Period.
• H. Kh. Baqi Billah Bairang was renowned saint of Naqshbandia order and was the spiritual guide of Hazrat Majadded Alf Sani.
• Kitab-ul-Hind was written by Al-Bairuni. This is an authentic source about Indian culture and social life.
• The ‘Objectives Resolution’ was passed at Karachi by the Constituent Assembly in 1949.
• The “One Unit” bill was accepted by the Parliament on 19th October 1955 when M. Ali Bogra was Prime Minister of Pakistan.
• Pirthvi Raj was overthrown and killed in 1192 A.D. at Thanesar by Muhammad Ghouri.
• Qutb Minar of Delhi was designed as a tower of victory being the hallmark of the Empire of the Turks.
• The famous garden Ram Bagh at Agra was laid out by Sikandar Lodi.
• The Lodi Dynasty was founded by Bahlol.
• Dara Shikoh in his religious thought was influenced by Mullah Shaida.
• The famous manuscript “Shikasta” and “Nastaliq” were written by Aurangzeb.
• In India, the legal status of the provinces was for the first time recognized under the Govt: of India Act 1935.
• The proposal of Union of India embracing both British India and the states was put forward by the Cabinet Mission.
• The JUP was set up in1948.
• The Syed Dynasty was founded by Khizar Khan.
• The Buland Darwaza is situated at Fatehpur Sikri.
• Jahangir was imprisoned by Mahabat Khan.
• Champaner is a General.
• Mukhdum Jehanian Jalal-ud-Din Jehangasht was a saint of Suhrwardiya Silsilah.
• Petticoat Government was headed by Maham Angah.
• I will tear it or burn it or throw it away but never accept it. Who stated this about the Government of India Act 1935?
Ans. M. K. Gandhi.
• The Rashmi Roomal Movement of 1905 was initiated by Muhammad Ali Jauhar.
• The Indian Independence Act was passed in the British Parliament on 18th July.
• Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of Chishtia Order.
• Manachi was a European traveler who came to the court of Jahangir.
• One of the earliest coming Saints to India was Khawaja Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki.
• Home Rule League was founded in 1916.
• The Baghdad Pact was signed in 1955.
• The System of Basic Democracy was first introduced in 1959
• Hazrat Mehal’s real name was Umrao. She valiantly took part in 1857 War of Independence. She was the wife of Wajjid Ali Shah of Oadh.
• Syed Ameer Ali was an intellectual of high caliber. He worked as a lawyer, a Judge of Calcutta High Court, founded Central National Mohammedan Association and remained President of the Hughlie Imambara. He worked hard for Muslim League and Khilafat Movement. He settled down in London and died there.
• Manzoor Qadir was son of Sheikh Abdul Qadir. He was a seasoned advocate. He represented Pakistan at the International Law Association in Yugoslavia. He worked as Foreign Minister of Pakistan and Chief Justice of West Pakistan High Court.
• Lala Lajpat Rai was a great Arya Samajist. He took a most prominent part in the Congress affairs and along with Tilak and Bebin Pal took a prominent part in changing the Congress method from one of petition to that of application of direct sanction. He incurred displeasure of the British Government and was deported to Burma in 1907. He took part in non-cooperation movement and boycott movement.

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