ETS GRE Subject Test Psychology Solved MCQs Questions Answers

Multiple Choice Questions

1) Developmental psychologists believe that two factors that influence human development are:
a) Motivation and emotion
b) Self and others
c) Genetic makes up and experience
d) Rewards and punishments

2) Motor skills are largely a result of:
a) Learning
b) Maturational process
c) Practice
d) Observing other

3) In Piaget’s theory, the first two years of life are called the —– stages:
a) Paralinguistic
b) Exploratory
c) Sensorimotor
d) Preoperational

4) Learning theories explain attachment of infants to their parents in items of:
a) Conditioning
b) Observational learning
c) The maturation of perceptual skills
d) Cognitive development

5) Freud was among the first to suggest that abnormal behavior:
a) Can have a hereditary basis
b) Is not the result of demonic possession
c) Is psychology caused
d) Can result from biological factors

6) Which of the following is not a common symptom of the depression?
a) Insomnia
b) Delusions
c) Poor appetite
d) Lethargy

7) Gradual exposure to actual feared situation is called:
a) Cognitive desensitization
b) In vivo desensitization
c) Flooding
d) Breaking of resistance

8) Rotational –emotive therapy is a type of:
a) Psychoanalysis
b) Client-centered therapy
c) Cognitive –behavior therapy
d) Behavior therapy

9) The concept of intelligence is closely related to:
a) Motivation
b) Learning
c) Perception
d) Cognition

10) Most IQ tests assess:
a) Academic motivation
b) Convergent thinking
c) Perceptual motor skills
d) Creativity

11) Addictive disorders include:
a) Alcoholism and drug addiction
b) Overeating
c) Sociopathalogy
d) All the above

12) Seizures, confusions, delusions and hallucinations are symptoms of :
a) Advanced alcoholism
b) Delirium tremens
c) Alcoholic withdrawal
d) All of the above

13) The central concept in Gestalt therapy is:
a) Awareness
b) Self-fulfillment
c) Self-control
d) Desensitization

14) The techniques used in behavior modification:
a) Stress interpersonal interactions
b) Employ the principal of learning
c) Are capable to a very limited rang of psychological problems
d) All involve some sort of operant conditioning

15) Research has suggested that compulsive behavior persists because:
a) It reduces anxiety
b) There is some underlying conflict
c) Others begin to expect it
d) It diverts the attention of the individual from the problem

16) A perceptual experience, which is not grounded in reality, is called a/an:
a) Delusion
b) Illusionary images
c) Hallucinations
d) Spontaneous discharge of sensory neurons

17) The hallucinations of schizophrenic are most likely to be:
a) Auditory
b) Visual
c) Tactual
d) Olfactory

18) Among people with severe mood disorder, ——- is most common:
a) Mania
b) Depression
c) Manic-depression
d) Euphoria

19) Rogers believes that all of us are born with:
a) Unconditional positive regard
b) A drive for self fulfillment
c) A sense of individuality and uniqueness
d) A variety of incongruence, which must be resolved in infancy and early childhood

20) Tests that employ real life problems that the examinee is likely to face on the job are called:
a) Job tasks
b) Valid tests
c) Situational tests
d) Projective techniques

21) The group in an experiment which receives no treatment is called:
a) Control group
b) Experimental group
c) No group

22) The portion of your nervous system which controls breathing and digestion is:
a) Axon
b) Autonomic
c) Linear circuit
d) None of these

23) The color, smell and feeling of the flowers are relayed through what part of brain:
a) Acetylcholine
b) Thalamus
c) Motor area
d) None of these

24) A hungry person would find food to be a:
a) Primary reinforcer
b) Secondary reinforcer
c) None of these

25) A psychologist explains you that learning can be best defined in terms of underlying thought process. What theory is being stated:
a) Social learning
b) Cognitive learning
c) Trial and error
d) None of these

26) According to Maslow, a person with no job, no friends and no house can be self actualized:
a) 100 percent yes
b) 100 percent no
c) None of these

27) A need to establish and maintain relationship with other people:
a) Achievement motivation
b) Need for affiliation
c) None of these

28) Term n-ach was introduced by:
a) Mc Cleland
b) Jung
c) Maslow
d) None of these

29) Repression refers to:
a) Primary defense mechanism
b) Regression
c) Frustration
d) None of these

30) Enduring dimensions of personality characteristics differentiating people from another is called:
a) Factor analysis
b) Trait
c) Determinism
d) None of these

31) The theory which suggests that people learn attitude by observing their own behavior is:
a) Operant conditioning
b) CR
c) Self-perception
d) None of these

32) Theory of cognitive dissonance is offered by:
a) Skinner
b) Bandura
c) Festinger
d) None of these

33) The ability to view the world in 3 dimensions and perceive distance is:
a) Depth perception
b) Illusion
c) Delusion
d) None of these

34) According to Bandura, one is socialized by:
a) Punishment
b) Observation
c) Food
d) None of these

35) Crowding causes increase in heart rate and the level of adrenaline:
a) No
b) Yes

36) Studies demonstrate that greater genetic similarity is associated with greater similarity of attitudes:
a) True
b) False

37) A theory that states that emotions are a join result of non-specific physiological arousal and interpretation of the arousal is called:
a) Two-factor theory of emotion
b) James-Lange theory of emotion
c) Bem’s theory of emotion d) None of these

38) Maintenance of an internal biological balance is called:
a) Instinct
b) Need
c) Homeostasis
d) None of these

39) The part of personality that provides a buffer between the id and the out side world is:
a) Super-ego
b) Ego
c) Ego-ideal
d) None of these

40) Specialized cells of nervous system carry:
a) Messages
b) Reflexes
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of the (a) and (b)

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