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CSS Past Papers of Geography

Geography Paper-1

TIME ALLOWED Part-I 30: Minutes Maximum Marks 20
Part-II: 2 hours & 30 Minutes Maximum marks 80

Part – I ( MCQ)

Q.1. select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the answer sheet.(20)

1.The earths inner core is composed mostly of:

a)solid simatic rock
b)solid iron nickel
c)liquid iron and nickel
d)none of these

2. ketabatic winds are produced by:
a) pressure gradient
b) gravity
c) adiabatic cooling of ascending air
d) none of these

3.The distinguishing difference between the asthenosphere and lithosphere is their:

b)degree of rigidity
c)chemical composition
d)none of these

4.The mean velocity of the earth in its orbit is about:

a)50,000 mi per hour
b)66,600 mi per hour
c)95,000 mi per hour
d)none of these

5.The mean distance between the earth and sun is about:

a)90 million miles
b)93 million miles
c)95 million miles
d)None of these

6. The prime meridian is referred to as the:

a)Meridian of Greenwich
b)Meridian of East
c)Meridian of West
d)none of these

7. The equatorial Mercator is the only one of all known projections on which all Rhumb lines are true:

a)straight lines
d)none of these

8. The arctic circle is at:

a)23 ½ N lat
b)45 N lat
c)66 ½ N lat
d)none of these

9. The vernal equinox occurs on:

a) March 20
b) june 21
c) September 23
d)none of these

10. The percentage of radiant energy reflected back by a surface is termed the:

c) La-Nino
d) none of these

11. Over the equatorial bough of low pressure lying roughly between 5 N and 5 S latitude is the equatorial belt of variable winds and calms, or the:

d) none of these

12. The term humidity simply refers to the degree to which water vapour is present in the:

d)None of these

13. Advection fog results from the movement of warm moist air over a:

a)cold ground surface
b)hot ground surface
c)semi-hot ground surface
d)None of these

14. Sheet as the term is used in the united states consists of pellets of ice produced from freezing of:

b) snow
c) wind
d)None of these

15.Radiation coming from the sun is:

a)long wave
b)short wave
c)medium wave
d)None of these

16.The hurricane or typhoon develops over oceans in latitudes:

a)8 to 15 N and S
b)20 to 35 N and S
c)40 to 60 N and S
d)None of these

17. Troposphere is the:

a) Lowermost atmosphere layer
b) The middle atmosphere layer
c)Highest atmosphere layer
d)None of these

18.The Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean is a:

a) Cold Ocean Current
b) Warm ocean current
c) semi-cold ocean current
d)none of these

19. The word peneplain is given to a land surface of:

a) joint relief
b) sharp relief
c) no relief
d)None of these

20. The coriolis force is produced by:

a) earth rotation
b) wind action
c)water action
d)None of these

Attempt only four questions and each question contain 20 marks

Q.2. Describe the factors contributing to the origin of ocean currents. Also describe the Ocean Currents of the Atlantic Ocean bringing about their effect on the surrounding area?

Q.3. Describe the internal structure of the earth in detail giving dimentions, mineral composition and physical properties. What type of evidence is used to obtain this information? What tempratures and pressures may be expected at the earth’s centre?

Q.4. Write in detail on the action of the river in its youth, maturity, and old age.

Q.5. Write an essay on earthquake.

Q.6. Wind produces a variety of interesting sequential landforms both erosional and depositional’. Discuss.

Q.7. In what way does the wet, monsoon-dominated climate of southern Asiatic coasts (Am) differ from that close to the equator(aj). Discuss in detail.

Q.8. What is the distinction between large-scale, medium-scale and small-scale maps? Explain by giving examples


Geography Paper-II

TIME ALLOWED Part-I 30: Minutes Maximum Marks 20
Part-II: 2 hours & 30 Minutes Maximum marks 80

Part – I ( MCQ)

Q.1. select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the answer sheet.(20)

1.The founder of Human geography is:


2.Pakistan covers an area of:
a) 796095 sq km
b) 468000 sq km
c) 999657 sq km
d) None of these

3.The hottest month (june) with the mean temperature of 38C in Pakistan is at:
d)none of these

4.Told Polander is associated with the:

a)study of urban areas
b) Industrial location theory
c) agriculture location theory
d) population studies

5.which region is called the rice bowl of china
a)huang ho valley
b)yangtse basin

6.hemp is a fiber crop of:

a)western Europe
b)middle east
c)Mediterranean region
d)south Asia

7. the phytogeography deals with:
a)the animal life
b)the plant life
c)weathering of rocks
d) ancient civilizations

8.bide industries are industries:

a) based on agriculture raw material
b) located between market and raw material
c) located on the river banks
d) producing goods for export

9. the theory of industrial location was put forward by:

a) Webber
b) von thunen
c) A. Miller

10. What will be the shape of settlement near oases in desert?:

a) square
b) linear
c) oval
d) irregular

11.the seasonal movement of people with their animals between highlands and lowlands is called:

d) ranching

12.the term fecundity indicates:

a) birth rate
b) fertility rate
c) growth rate
d) capacity to reproduce

13.the concept of demographic transition was initiated by:


14.who was the first to suggest the law migration:

c) trewartha
d) rovenstein

15.where is the fertile crescent situated:

a)southeast asia
b) southwest asia
c) north america
d) africa

16.the example of an unguarded international border is that between:

a)India and pakistan
b) china and mogolia
c) china and russia
d) usa and canada

17.the concentric zone theory of urban morphology was coined by:

a) ullman
b) burgess
c) huntington
d) homer hoyet

18.:the acronym C.B.D stands for

a) outer fringe of the city
b) area of heavy industries in the city
c) area of highest population density in the city
d) central commercial heart of the city

19. occidental agriculture is associated with:

a) mono crop culture
b) diversified farming
c) shifting cultivation
d) dry farming

20.christaller’s theory is concerned with:

a) size distribution of central places
b) origin and decline of cities
c) morphology of settlements
d) None of these

Attempt only four questions and each question contain 20 marks

Q.2. What do you understand by the term possibilism? How far has man changed the environment in his favour? Give examples.

Q.3.Write down the various kinds of migration and describe the effects of intra-urban migration.

Q.4.How did settlements originate in the world? Describe the central place theory.

Q.5. Give an account of power resources of south asia with special reference to pakistan.

Q.6. “Economic geography is the study of location, distribution and use of scarce resources”. Discuss.

Q.7. What is meant by cultural diffusion?How is the culture of an area affected by landscape?

Q.8. “South Asia has many places where people are few and few places where people are very many”. Discuss.

CSS Past Papers of Computer Science



NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.


Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

(i) AX register is also known as:
(a) Accumulator
(b) Collector
(c) Distributor
(d) Counter
(e) None of these

(ii) In the Base + Offset addressing, Offset address is also known as:
(a) Physical Address
(b) Logical Address
(c) Actual Address
(d) Instruction Address
(e) None of these

(iii) The technique for allowing a unit to check the status of another independently function unit is known as?
(a) Interrupt
(b) System call
(c) Polling
(d) Trape
(e) None of these

(iv) The method for storing data temporarily such that the input-output of the same job is overlapped with its own processing, is known as:
(a) Spooling
(b) Contention
(c) I/O wait
(d) Buffering
(e) None of these

(v) The DMA that uses Busses when CPU is not using them is termed as:
(a) Shared DMA
(b) Cycle Stealing
(c) Channel
(d) Transparent DMA
(e) None of these

(vi) _________ Scheduler deals with the decision as to whether to admit another new job to the system.
(a) High Level
(b) Medium Level
(c) Low Level
(d) Short term
(e) None of these

(vii) When the process is in the states of Blocked Suspended or Ready Suspended, its relevant data is
stored in:
(a) Main Memory
(b) Hard Disk
(c) Magnetic Tape
(d) Buffer
(e) None of these

(viii) Priority, P = (Time Waiting + Run Time) / Run Time is used to calculate priority in __________ scheduling algorithm:
(a) Shortest Job First
(b) Priority Scheduling
(c) Longest Wait First
(d) Highest Response Ratio Next
(e) None of these

(ix) HDLC Protocol stands for:
(a) High-Level Data Link Control
(b) High Level Development Protocol
(c) Huge Level Data Link Control
(d) High Development Level Control
(e) None of these

(x) _________ is the generic name for a set of standards issued by the International CommunicationsStandards Body CCITT, designed to support Message Handling Systems; i.e. Electronic Mail.
(a) TCP/IP
(b) ISDN
(c) X.400
(d) X.25
(e) None of these

(xi) ________ layer is responsible for the transfer of a packet of data along one link in the network. It organizes data into frames and detects errors in transmission.
(a) Physical Layer
(b) Data Link Layer
(c) Network Layer
(d) Transport Layer
(e) None of these

(xii) Encryption is the conversion of data in some intelligible format into an unintelligible format called _________ to prevent the data from being understood if read by an unauthorized party.
(a) Clear Text
(b) Encrypted Text
(c) Cipher Text
(d) Coded Text
(e) None of these

(xiii) Binary search requires about ______ comparisons with an initial list of 1,000,000 elements.
(a) 10
(b) 20
(c) 35
(d) 100
(e) None of these

(xiv) A _________ header list is a header list where the last node contains the null pointer.
(a) Grounded
(b) Circular
(c) One way
(d) Rooted
(e) None of these

(xv) ________ are small applications that are accessed on an internet server, transported over the internet, automatically installed and run as part of a web document.
(a) Applets
(b) Java Bean
(c) Sockets
(d) Java Component
(e) None of these

(xvi) AWT stands for:
(a) Abstract Window Technique
(b) Abstract Window Toolkit
(c) Actual Window Technique
(d) Added Window Toolkit
(e) None of these

(xvii) GIF images can have only upto _______ colors.
(a) 128
(b) 256
(c) 512
(d) 1024
(e) None of these

(xviii) ________ is stored on a client and contains state information of the website visited.
(a) Cookies
(b) Servelet
(c) History
(d) Resident Page
(e) None of these

(xix) In software Engineering KPA denotes.
(a) Key Process Audit
(b) Key Process Area
(c) Key Process Analysis
(d) Key Problem Area
(e) None of these

(xx) The ________ Process Model defines a series of events that will trigger transitions from state to state for each of software engineering activities.
(a) Spiral
(b) Operational
(c) RAD
(d) Concurrent Development
(e) None of these


(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II, selecting at least ONE question from each SECTION. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.


Q.2. Explain ANY FOUR. (20)
(i) Cache Memory
(ii) Static & Dynamic RAM
(iii) Instruction Cycle
(iv) Buses & their types
(v) Segment Registers
(vi) Instruction Pipelining

Q.3. (a) Describe briefly five state process lifecycle (6)
(b) Explain multi level feedback queue scheduling algorithm. (6)
(c) Describe briefly different communication channels (8)


Q.4. (a) What are Virtual Functions? And how they can be utilized for polymorphism? Use C++ for writing example program. (10)
(b) Explain with examples ANY TWO: (10)
(i) Inheritance & Aggregation (ii) Data Hiding & Encapsulation
(iii) Constructors & Destructors (iv) Class, Object and Abstraction

Q.5. (a) Write and explain algorithm for Binary Search. (8)
(b) Explain ANY TRHEE: (12)
(i) Stack & Queue
(ii) Tree & Graph
(iii) Linked List & Array
(iv) Algorithm & Program
(v) Complexity of Algorithm

Q.6. (a) Explain the terminologies of Process, Methods and Tools. (6)
(b) What is Software Process Model? Explain Spiral Process Model. (14)


Q.7. (a) What is a Database? Explain and differentiate Relational Database Model from the other Database Models. (10)
(b) Explain with example Entity Relationship Diagram. (10)

Q.8. Explain ANY FOUR: (20)

(i) Computer Graphics
(ii) Pixel Art
(iii) Vector Graphics
(iv) Computer Animation
(v) Rendering
(vi) 2D & 3D Graphics

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